National Association of Police Organizations

Louisiana Move Over Law

Originally Implemented in 2008

Includes all Law Enforcement, Emergency Vehicles and First Responders

Slow Down and Change Lanes Whenever Possible To Give Them Room

The Law

§32.125.  Procedure on approach of an authorized emergency vehicle; passing a parked emergency vehicle

A.  Upon the immediate approach of an authorized emergency vehicle making use of audible or visual signals, or of a police vehicle properly and lawfully making use of an audible signal only, the driver of every other vehicle shall yield the right-of-way and shall immediately drive to a position parallel to, and as close as possible to, the right-hand edge or curb of the highway clear of any intersection, and shall stop and remain in such position until the authorized emergency vehicle has passed, except when otherwise directed by a police officer.

B.  When any vehicle making use of any visual signals as authorized by law, including the display of alternately flashing amber or yellow warning lights, is parked on or near the highway, the driver of every other vehicle shall:

(1)  When driving on an interstate highway or other highway with two or more lanes traveling in the same direction, yield the right-of-way by making a lane change into a lane not adjacent to the parked vehicle, if possible with due regard to safety and traffic conditions.  If a lane change is not possible, the driver shall slow to a reasonably safe speed.

(2)  Maintain a safe speed for road conditions, if unable or unsafe to change lanes, or driving on a two-lane road or highway.

C.  This Section shall not operate to relieve the driver of an authorized emergency vehicle from the duty to drive with due regard for the safety of all persons using the highway.

D.  Any person who violates the provisions of this Section shall, upon conviction, be subject to a fine not to exceed two hundred dollars.



Louisiana State Troopers to aggressively enforce ‘move-over’ law

State troopers say they’re starting to aggressively enforce a law requiring drivers to avoid emergency vehicles when they are stopped on roadsides.

If a trooper is using lights or sirens on a highway’s shoulder, drivers are required to move over, slow down or face a fine of up to $200.

On a highway with more than one lane available, drivers must move farthest from the stopped emergency vehicle, the law states.

If moving is impossible, then drivers must slow to a “reasonably safe speed.”

Last year, the Legislature revised the law’s wording at the request of the State Police, said trooper Gilbert Dardar, a spokesman for Troop C in Gray. The former law required drivers to slow down to 25 mph if they couldn’t maneuver away, he said.

“You become a hazard going that slow,” he said. The wording of the law “leaves some gray area” for an officer’s discretion, he said, making it easier to ticket drivers if they aren’t being cautious.

“Cars pass literally inches from you in some cases,” Dardar said. “It is one of the most dangerous things a trooper has to deal with.”

Getting out of a cruiser to ticket or help a driver with car trouble puts an officer on guard, said trooper Tracy Plaisance, one of the local troop’s outspoken advocates of the law.

Plaisance worked as an officer in Tennessee for several years, where two officers were victims in roadside collisions before the state began ramping up their enforcement, he said.

Signs now announce the law on some major highways there.

“There have been lots of close calls,” Plaisance said. “We shouldn’t have to lose our lives before people realize – get over.”

The last Louisiana trooper to die in the line of duty was killed because a driver failed to get over.

In 1998, 29-year-old trooper Hung Le was struck working in a construction area on I-55 near Ponchatoula, according to the State Police.

Le was using his emergency lights to divert cars from a crew re-striping the road and collecting traffic cones. A van failed merge into the left lane away from the workers and struck Le, who was sitting in his car, police said.

The van hit Le from behind, pushing his police car into a construction truck. The impact caused his car to catch fire. Le, who’d been a trooper for a year and four months, later died from his injuries, police said.

The law is almost impossible to enforce if a trooper is working solo, Dardar said. The agency may station more than one together on a road to catch violators.

Dardar said to expect to see troopers working details specifically to catch drivers who violate the law.

On Friday, Plaisance and Dardar demonstrated how they might enforce the law. Both stopped on the shoulder of an elevated portion of U.S. 90 near Gray and put their lights on.

During a 15-minute period, at least three drivers failed to heed their signals. The third was pulled over and given a verbal warning. His excuse?

“The cell phone went off and he had it in his hand,” Plaisance said, adding the driver said he was aware of the law. Driving Safety Courses